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    • Fact sheet: U.S. Open Championship

    • Pinehurst No. 2 also hosted the U.S. Open in 1999 and 2005. (Getty Images/Streeter Lecka) Pinehurst No. 2 also hosted the U.S. Open in 1999 and 2005. (Getty Images/Streeter Lecka)

    Some quick facts to get you ready for the U.S. Open at Pinehurst No. 2:

    ARCHITECT
    Donald Ross designed the course, which opened in 1907. The first nine holes were completed in 1901. Ross would fine-tune the layout several times through 1946. Rees Jones completed renovations prior to the 1999 U.S. Open. Bill Coore and Ben Crenshaw restored the course to Ross’ original design, bringing back many of Ross’ original design characteristics. The restoration was completed in March 2011.

    COURSE RATING
    Based on the course setup for the championship, the USGA Course Rating is 76.0. Its Slope Rating is 147.

    ENTRIES
    In 2014, the USGA accepted 10,127 entries, the highest total in U.S. Open history. The previous mark was set last year when 9,860 golfers entered.

    QUALIFYING
    Local qualifying, played over 18 holes, was conducted at 111 sites in the U.S. between May 2-19. Sectional qualifying, played over 36 holes, was conducted at two international sites on May 26 (England, Japan) as well as 10 U.S. sites on June 2.

    CHAMPIONSHIP FIELD
    The starting field of 156 golfers will be cut after 36 holes to the low 60 scorers (and ties).

    2013 CHAMPION
    Justin Rose became the first Englishman since Tony Jacklin in 1970 to win the U.S. Open Championship. Rose shot a final-round 70 at Merion Golf Club’s East Course, in Ardmore, Pa. He finished at 1-over 281, two strokes ahead of Australian Jason Day and Phil Mickelson, the 54-hole leader. Mickelson added to his record total with his sixth runner-up finish. Jason Dufner, who carded a 3-under 67 for the day’s low round, two U.S. Open titlist Ernie Els, Billy Horschel and Hunter Mahan tied for fourth at 5-over 285. Five players figured in the top of the leaderboard changing 19 times in the final round. Rose managed to avoid any double-bogeys during the championship. He made five birdies and five bogeys through 16 holes during the final round, then managed clutch pars at the brutal 17th and 18th -- the latter from just off the back of the green after a clutch approach from more than 250 yards out.

    PLAYERS IN FIELD WITH MOST U.S. OPEN APPEARANCES (2014 included): Phil Mickelson (24), Ernie Els (22), Jim Furyk (20), Stewart Cink (19) and Steve Stricker (19).

    ACTIVE CONSECUTIVE U.S. OPEN APPEARANCES (2014 included): Ernie Els (22), Phil Mickelson (21), Stewart Cink (19) and Jim Furyk (19).

    TITLE DEFENSE
    Since 1991, only four champions have finished better than 15th in trying to defend their U.S. Open crowns. Tiger Woods tied for sixth in 2009 after capturing his third Open title at Torrey Pines G.C. (South Course) the previous year. Woods also tied for 12th in 2001 after winning his first Open at Pebble Beach Golf Links. Retief Goosen tied for 11th in 2005 following his second Open championship at Shinnecock Hills Golf Club. Graeme McDowell tied for 14th last year after winning the 2010 U.S. Open at Pebble Beach Golf Links. Seven champions missed the cut the next year during this period, including Rory McIlroy in 2012.

    WHAT THE WINNER RECEIVES
    Among the benefits enjoyed by the U.S. Open winner are:
    600 FedExCup points
    A U.S. Open exemption for the next 10 years
    An invitation to the next five Masters Tournaments
    An invitation to the next five British Open Championships
    An invitation to the next five PGA Championships
    An invitation to the next five THE PLAYERS Championships
    Exempt status on the PGA TOUR for five years

    QUALIFYING FOR THE OTHER MAJORS
    The top 10 finishers (and ties) are exempt for the following year’s U.S. Open. The top four finishers (and ties) are invited to next year’s Masters Tournament.

    HISTORY
    This is the 114th U.S. Open Championship. The U.S. Open, which was first played in 1895, was not contested for two years (1917-18) during World War I and for four years (1942-45) during World War II. The youngest winner of the U.S. Open was 19-year-old John McDermott, who won in 1911; he is among eight players age 21 or younger who have won the U.S. Open. The oldest winner is Hale Irwin, who was 45 and playing on a special exemption when he won his third U.S. Open title in 1990. Irwin also won in 1974 and 1979.

    There are four four-time U.S. Open winners: Willie Anderson (1901, 1903, 1904, 1905), amateur Robert T. Jones Jr. (1923, 1926, 1929, 1930), Ben Hogan (1948, 1950, 1951, 1953), Jack Nicklaus (1962, 1967, 1972, 1980).

    U.S. OPENS AT PINEHURST NO. 2
    This is the third U.S. Open Championship and the seventh USGA championship to be conducted at Pinehurst Resort & Country Club (Course No. 2).

    In 1999, Payne Stewart made a par-saving putt from 18 feet on the final hole to defeat Phil Mickelson by a single stroke en route to his second U.S. Open Championship. With an even-par round of 70, Stewart was the only player to finish under par for the championship, with a 1-under total of 279. Mickelson finished at even-par 280. Tiger Woods and Vijah Singh made bids for the lead in what was a four-man race on Sunday, but they each ended up two back at 1-over 281. Stewart used just 24 putts during the final round and one-putted the last three greens when it mattered most. He won two U.S. Opens and posted two runner-up finishes in the 1990s.

    In 2005, Michael Campbell became the first New Zealander to win the U.S. Open when he made an important birdie from 25 feet on the par-3 17th that helped him off Tiger Woods by two strokes. He also was the first sectional qualifier to win the Open since Steve Jones in 1996. As 54-hole leader Retief Goosen slipped back, it quickly became a two-man battle, with Woods playing in the third-to-last group, just ahead of Campbell.  Woods had struggled with his putting all week, but found the hole for birdies on holes 10, 11 and 15 to pull within two strokes of Campbell.  Campbell answered the challenge with his birdie on No. 17, the third time he had birdied that hole in the championship.

    USGA CHAMPIONSHIPS AT PINEHURST (COURSE NO. 2)
    1962 U.S. Amateur: Labron E. Harris Jr. def. Downing Gray, 1 up
    1989 U.S. Women’s Amateur: Vicki Goetze def. Brandie Burton, 4 and 3
    1994 U.S. Senior Open: Simon Hobday by one stroke over Jim Albus and Graham Marsh, 274-275
    1999 U.S. Open: Payne Stewart by one stroke over Phil Mickelson, 279-280
    2005 U.S. Open: Michael Campbell by two strokes over Tiger Woods, 280-282
    2008 U.S. Amateur: Danny Lee def. Drew Kittleson, 5 and 4

    OTHER CHAMPIONSHIPS AT PINEHURST (COURSE NO. 2)
    1936 PGA Championship: Denny Shute def. Jimmy Thomson, 3 and 2
    1951 Ryder Cup Match: USA def. Great Britain, 9 ½-2 ½
    1982 Hall of Fame: Jay Haas def. John Adams, 276-276 (2nd playoff hole)
    1991 Tour Championship: Craig Stadler def. Russ Cochran, 277-277 (2nd playoff hole)
    1992 Tour Championship: Paul Azinger by three strokes over Lee Janzen, Corey Pavin, 276-279

    FUTURE U.S. OPENS
    June 18-21, 2015: Chambers Bay, University Place, Wash.
    June 16-19, 2016: Oakmont (Pa.) Country Club
    June 15-18, 2017: Erin Hills, Erin, Wis.
    June 14-17, 2018: Shinnecock Hills Golf Club, Southampton, N.Y.
    June 13-16, 2019: Pebble Beach (Calif.) Golf Links
    June 18-21, 2020: Winged Foot Golf Club (West Course), Mamaroneck, N.Y.
    June 17-20, 2021: Torrey Pines Golf Course (South Course), San Diego, Calif.

    THE LAST TIME IT HAPPENED AT THE U.S. OPEN
    Justin Rose: last international winner (2013)
    Curtis Strange: last to defend title (1989)
    Francis Ouimet: last winner in his first attempt (1913)
    Webb Simpson: last winner in his second attempt (2012)
    Rory McIlroy: last start-to-finish winner with no ties (2011)
    a-Robert T. Jones Jr.: last winner to birdie the 72nd hole to win by one stroke (1926)
    Tiger Woods: last winner to birdie the 72nd hole (2008)
    Tiger Woods: last winner to birdie the 72nd hole to force a playoff (2008)
    Geoff Ogilvy: last winner without a round in the 60s (2006)
    Rory McIlroy: last winner with all rounds in the 60s (2011)
    Webb Simpson: last winner between ages 20-29 (26 in 2012)
    Justin Rose: last winner between ages 30-39 (32 in 2013)
    Payne Stewart: last winner age 40 and higher (42 in 1999)
    Rory McIlroy: last defending champion to miss the cut (2012)
    Hale Irwin: last winner who received a special exemption (1990)
    Lucas Glover: last winner to come through sectional qualifying (2009)
    Orville Moody: last winner to come through local and sectional qualifying (1969)
    John Goodman: last amateur winner (1933)

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